How can you make teaching the water cycle for kids really fun? Use a song, a simple explanation of the water cycle, and make a fun project that showcases their learning.
This is the stuff kids love and remember. When we make it fun, even difficult topics become easier.
Science projects are a great way to foster conversations about difficult topics, get kids actively engaged and target Tier 3 academic vocabulary words.
This awesome science poster is what my class worked on this fall while doing our Eric Carle author/illustrator study.
His book, Little Cloud, is a terrific segway into learning about the simplest stages of the water cycle: evaporation, condensation and precipitation.
Here's a simple explanation of the water cycle.
The water cycle is technically called the "hydrologic cycle." Hydrology is the study of water in the atmosphere, on the Earth's surface and underground.
There is no new water being made, and this fascinates kids. Once they realize that, they cannot believe that the water they drank this morning might have been used by the dinosaurs, come from a river in China, or had a shark swimming through it hundreds of years ago.
At the youngest grades, we don't introduce the fourth part of the water cycle: transpiration (when water comes out of plant leaves). But it can be easily added to the project pictured above and described below.
Before reading anything though, I ask a basic question: What Makes Rain? Go on, ask your class. The answers are often hilarious. Here are some I have received:
Save this anchor chart to refer back to at the end of your lessons. This provides a sense of closure and allows the students to revisit and revise their ideas and/or misconceptions.
To introduce the water cycle to my primary science students, I always start out with an interactive read-aloud using the story Little Cloud.
In this story, Little Cloud drifts away from the other clouds and changes his shape, as clouds do.
This is also a great opportunity to introduce the term "cumulus cloud" to the students. We then head outside with our science journals to diagram and label what they see in the sky. In the next few weeks we begin our unit on different types of clouds.
Later in the book, Little Cloud travels over the land and sea and you can introduce the concepts of evaporation and water vapor.
At the end of the story, Little Cloud joins the other clouds and they make it rain, which lends itself to a discussion of cumulonimbus, different types of stratus clouds, condensation and precipitation.
At this point we learn the hand motions for the water cycle:
After our read aloud, we all learn the Water Cycle Song. This is the song I use from ScienceExplosion.com - the kids absolutely love it!
This project is all about bringing the water cycle down to a child's level. It is tied into our author study of Eric Carle.
We talk about how he develops his illustrations and the techniques that he uses, paying particular attention to how he layers color.
Click the project to find out how to make it.