These 4 simple ESL teaching strategies (and quick modification tips) will maximize teaching and help you reach all learners.
When a classroom teacher is looking for ESL reading and teaching resources, he or she is searching for a strategy that is easy to implement and highly effective.
Teachers must provide sheltered academic instruction to reach these children. This includes:
This sounds more complicated than it really is. In fact, many of these strategies are good for all students.
Just a few simple adjustments can make your lessons highly engaging for everyone, but especially ESOL students.
Using realia is one of the most underrated ways for teaching ESL students.
Realia is the use of everyday objects to reinforce learning points, particularly when instructing in Tier 1, 2 and 3 vocabulary.
vocabulary exercises should always include the use of realia as many of
our everyday words are confusing for these students. It also allows
them to make connections in their own language and culture.
2. Translation Dictionaries
language learners can connect essential vocabulary and concepts from
English to their native language using a printed or electronic
Be cautious, however, about relying
heavily on a translator to make learning connections. If a student
selects the wrong definition, the word’s meaning becomes lostor tangled.
content specific words are often not found in general translation
dictionaries. The student may therefore choose one of the available
meanings, and be easily confused.
The translation of focused vocabulary is more effective. Some free online translation resources are:
So what can teachers do?
3. Clean up Sentence Structure
A variety of sentences makes language more interesting, but it's not a good idea for English language learners.
teaching whole class lessons, we have
to rephrase or shorten our sentences. Use simpler, clearer words and
always check for understanding.
Take the extra effort to rewrite short passages for these students too. They need that support.
that it can take 5 or more years for a student to become proficient in
speaking English, let alone writing and reading it!
sentence frame is a simplified structure for reading or speaking.
Sentence frames use familiar content to probe the use of more complex
Sentence frames allow for differentiated ESL teaching strategies as well. Speech emergent language learners work on using nouns and verbs. Advanced Fluency learners work on complex comparative sentences.